People that have always enjoyed 20/20 vision and general ocular health become more susceptible to diminished visual acuity and certain visual impairments with age. Taking certain precautions before problems arise, and getting regular eye exams over the years can go a long way towards maintaining ocular health and eyesight, as many problems can be treated effectively when caught in the early stages.
At Carlsbad Eye Care, Dr. Michael Tracy, the best north county San Diego ophthalmologist, stresses the importance of regular eye exams to help maintain visual health, and to catch any potential changes or problems as soon as they arise.
Click here to learn more about visual acuity and how it is measured.
Even adults with healthy eyes and no prior vision problems should undergo a routine eye exam every two years, followed by yearly exams after the age of 40. The most common age related eye conditions are:
As one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States, glaucoma does not show symptoms in its early stages. The first signs of advancing glaucoma are often impairment or loss of peripheral vision. However, when glaucoma is caught early enough, ophthalmologists can treat the condition with either medication or surgery. Other risk factors for glaucoma include heredity and side effects to steroidal medications.
Cataracts are a clouding of the surface of the lens of the eye. Age and heredity are the biggest factors in developing cataracts. Cataracts are treated with surgery to either remove the protein buildup that causes the clouding of the lens, or with a replacement lens.
While patients diagnosed with macular degeneration rarely go blind, the disease impairs the retina and affects a person’s central vision, making it difficult to read, drive, and perform basic activities that require central vision. Laser surgery can be a treatment option.
A side effect of diabetes, diabetic retinopathy damages the blood vessels in the eyes and leads to vision loss or complete blindness. There is no cure, but laser treatments may be able to prevent visual deterioration before the retina is seriously damaged.
Learn more by visiting www.carlsbad-eye-care.com.
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